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The Euro-Atlantic Security System in the 21st Century - From Cooperation to Crisis
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The Euro-Atlantic Security System in the 21st Century - From Cooperation to Crisis
von: Ryszard Zi?ba
Springer-Verlag, 2018
ISBN: 9783319791050
291 Seiten, Download: 3239 KB
 
Format:  PDF
geeignet für: Apple iPad, Android Tablet PC's Online-Lesen PC, MAC, Laptop

Typ: B (paralleler Zugriff)

 

 
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Inhaltsverzeichnis

  Contents 7  
  1 Introduction 11  
     1 The Subject of the Euro-Atlantic Security System 11  
     2 The Neorealist Research Perspective 13  
     3 The Structure of the Book 20  
     References 23  
  Background 25  
  2 The Euro-Atlantic Security System in the 1990s 26  
     1 The Genesis of a New System 26  
        1.1 The Fall of Real Socialism and Political Transformation in Eastern Bloc Countries 26  
        1.2 Dismantling of the Eastern Bloc 30  
        1.3 The Breakup of the USSR and the Emergence of the Commonwealth of Independent States 32  
        1.4 The Unification of Germany 33  
        1.5 Accelerating European Integration 35  
        1.6 From Military Confrontation to Arms Control 37  
        1.7 The Beginning of NATO’s Transformation 41  
     2 The Structure of the System 45  
        2.1 Participating States 45  
        2.2 International Institutions 47  
        2.3 Intersystem Ties 49  
     3 The System’s Functioning and Evolution 51  
     References 57  
  3 Changing Challenges and Threats for Euro-Atlantic Security in the 21st Century 63  
     1 Understanding the Challenges and Threats for International Security 63  
        1.1 Threats 63  
        1.2 Challenges 64  
     2 The Reconfiguration of the International Order 66  
     3 Terrorism 74  
     4 Military Threats 77  
        4.1 Nuclear Weapons and the Threat of Proliferation 77  
        4.2 Conventional Weapons 80  
        4.3 Military Spending 81  
     5 Other Threats and Challenges 83  
        5.1 Cyber Threats 84  
        5.2 Economic and Energy Threats 85  
        5.3 Environmental Threats 86  
        5.4 Migration Challenges 87  
     References 89  
  4 The Security Concepts of Participants in the Euro-Atlantic Security System 94  
     1 Identification of Threats and Challenges 95  
        1.1 Terrorism as a Main Threat 95  
        1.2 Changing Perceptions of Challenges and Threats 99  
     2 Security Policy Aims, Means, and Methods 112  
     3 Similarities and Differences Between Security Concepts in the Light of International Relations Theory 127  
     References 132  
  The Functioning of the System: From Cooperation to Crisis 137  
  5 The Failure to Eliminate Terrorism 138  
     1 The American War on Terror 138  
     2 The Actions of the European Union with Respect to Combating Terrorism 142  
     3 Cooperation Between the EU and the USA 146  
     4 NATO’s Cooperation with Russia 152  
     References 155  
  6 The West’s Dominance and Expansion and Russia’s Response 157  
     1 The Promotion of Democracy by the West 157  
        1.1 The Western Balkans 161  
        1.2 The Countries of the Former Soviet Union 163  
     2 Further NATO Expansion 169  
     3 Strengthening NATO’s Eastern Flank 174  
     References 183  
  7 The European Union in Crisis 187  
     1 Problems with the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe 187  
     2 New Regulations in the Treaty of Lisbon 189  
     3 Stagnation of the CSDP 193  
        3.1 The United Kingdom’s Growing Euro-Skepticism 193  
        3.2 The Impact of the 2008 Financial Crisis on the CSDP 196  
           3.2.1 Cuts in Military Budgets 197  
           3.2.2 Limitations on Crisis Reaction Operations 198  
     4 Attempts to Revive the CSDP 199  
        4.1 The Idea of Creating a European Army 199  
        4.2 The Issue of the EU General Headquarters 202  
        4.3 New Efforts to Strengthen the CSDP 206  
     5 The Migration Crisis 208  
     6 Threats to the EU as an Integration Project 210  
     References 214  
  8 The Marginalization of the OSCE 217  
     1 The Achievements of the CSCE in Previous Years 217  
     2 The Declining Importance of the OSCE 220  
     3 Attempts to Revive the OSCE 222  
     References 226  
  Consequences and Prospects 229  
  9 The Ukraine Crisis and Its Implications for the Euro-Atlantic Security System 230  
     1 Two Aspects of the Ukraine Crisis 230  
        1.1 The Internal Crisis 230  
        1.2 The International Crisis 232  
     2 The Outbreak of the Crisis 235  
     3 The Motives of the Parties Involved 239  
        3.1 The West’s Motives 239  
        3.2 Russia’s Motives 244  
        3.3 Third-Party Assessments 246  
     4 The Consequences of the Crisis for the Euro-Atlantic Security System 248  
        4.1 Geopolitical Rivalry 248  
        4.2 Military Confrontation in Europe 250  
        4.3 The Weakening of Ukraine 252  
        4.4 The Weakening of Euro-Atlantic Security 257  
     5 How to Emerge from the Crisis? 261  
     References 266  
  10 Conclusions: Consequences of the Crisis of the Euro-Atlantic Security System and Prospects for Its Evolution 270  
     1 Growing Divergence of Interests and Rivalry for Spheres of Influence 270  
     2 Redistribution of Power in the System and the Weakening of Euro-Atlantic Security 274  
     3 The Weakening of the Euro-Atlantic Security System in the Global International Order 277  
     4 The Need for New Institutional Solutions 281  
     References 287  
     Bibliography 289  


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