This book explores environmental challenges in the Baltic region from an economic perspective. Featuring contributions from regional experts from Nordic, Baltic and Eastern European countries it addresses the response to eutrophication caused by increased loads of nutrients to the sea from agriculture, wastewater, industry and traffic, and cost-effective solutions to reach the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) targets, set up through the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM). Contributions also explore the environmental impacts of rural landscape change during the post-communist period in the Baltic Sea region and a review of the ex-post evaluations of the costs and benefits generated by Baltic Sea nutrient abatement policies. Public policies towards marine protection, wind power establishment, and attitudes to paying for environmental protection, environmental resilience and the international cooperation in the Baltic region are also discussed.
Ranjula Bali Swain is a Professor of Economics at the School of Social Science, Södertörn University, Sweden, and a Visiting Professor at Misum (the Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets) at the Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden. She is also affiliated to Uppsala University and the Center for European Research in Microfinance (Cermi) at the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management. Her main research interests are in environmental economics, microeconometrics and development economics. Bali Swain has a Doctorate in Economics from Uppsala University, and has worked for the International Labour Organisation (ILO), Geneva in the past.