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The Structure of Interdisciplinary Science
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The Structure of Interdisciplinary Science
von: Rolf Hvidtfeldt
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
ISBN: 9783319908724
309 Seiten, Download: 4066 KB
 
Format:  PDF
geeignet für: Apple iPad, Android Tablet PC's Online-Lesen PC, MAC, Laptop

Typ: B (paralleler Zugriff)

 

 
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Inhaltsverzeichnis

  Series Editor’s Foreword 6  
  Preface 8  
  Contents 12  
  List of Figures 17  
  1: Introduction 18  
     The (Epistemic) Fundamentals of Interdisciplinarity 19  
     Interdisciplinarity Studies 22  
     My Alternative 22  
     Does Everybody Represent? 24  
     The Intermediate Layer 27  
        Tools, Algorithms, and Basic Assumptions 28  
     An Example 30  
        Why Engage in this Kind of Madness? 33  
     A Bit of Terminological Explication 34  
        Targets 37  
        Approaches 38  
        “Distance” and “Proximity” 39  
     Summing Up 40  
     References 46  
  2: Disciplines and Approaches 48  
     What are These Things Called ‘Disciplines’? 50  
     Distinctive Discussions of “Discipline” 52  
        Problems of Disciplinarity 52  
     Three Dimensions (Plus Some) of Disciplinarity 55  
        Social Aspects Only 56  
        Objects Only 57  
        Objects and Tools Combined 58  
        All Included? 60  
        Where Does This Leave Us? 60  
     Approaches 63  
        Approaches vs. Fields 66  
        Distance vs. Proximity Revisited 67  
        More on Temporality 69  
     Summing Up 70  
     References 72  
  3: Interdisciplinarity Studies 75  
     What is Interdisciplinarity? 77  
     Knowledge Generation and Integration 79  
     Interdisciplinarity is Not New 81  
     More Recent Developments: The Turn-Turn 83  
        Literature Studies 84  
        Psychoanalytic Literature Studies 85  
        A Different Approach 86  
        The Evolutionary Turn 87  
        The Neurological Turn 90  
        What is the Point? 94  
     More Reasonable Reasons for Interdisciplinarity 95  
        Specialisation vs. Integration 97  
     Three Modes of Integration 100  
        The Polymath Mode 100  
        The Social Mode 100  
        The Educational Mode 101  
        All of the Above 101  
     Science without a Core Set? 102  
        Degenerating Hard Core Sets 103  
     Summing Up 104  
     References 107  
  4: The Relevance of Philosophy 112  
     Relevant Philosophical Approaches to Interdisciplinarity 115  
        Kitcher’s Historical Perspective 115  
        Weisberg’s Vehicle Perspective 118  
     Pluralism and Representation 119  
     Summing Up 122  
     References 123  
  5: Representation 126  
     The Basics 128  
     Enter Ronald Giere 131  
        Constructive Realism 132  
        Perspectival Realism 135  
     The Expanded and Enriched X 138  
        Deflation 139  
     To Model (Mathematically) or Not to Model (At All) 141  
        The Propositions 144  
        Weisberg on Construal 145  
     Use & Similarity 147  
     Summing Up 149  
     References 154  
  6: Pluralisms, Perspectives, and Potential Problems 158  
     Pluralism—What is It? 159  
     The Pluralisms 163  
        #1—Internal Pluralism 163  
        #2—External Pluralism 164  
        #3—Metaphysical (Nomological) Pluralism and CP-Clauses 164  
        #4—Epistemic (Representational) Pluralism 166  
     Perspectivism 167  
        Perspectives of Theory 170  
        Laws and Perspectives 173  
     Distortions 173  
        Idealisation 174  
        Relocational Idealisation 178  
        Approximation 179  
        Distortions of Scale 180  
     Simpson’s Distortions 181  
        Distortion of Variance 183  
     The Case of Operational Definition 189  
        Operational Definition Makes Its Way into Psychopathology 193  
        Current Problems Facing Operational Definition in Psychopathology 197  
        Final Remarks on OD? 199  
     Simpson’s Revisited 200  
     Summing Up 203  
     References 206  
  7: Representational Crossbreeding 212  
     The Simple Duplex 214  
        Social Integration 217  
        Target Integration 219  
        Targeting a Different Target by Means of the Same Approach? 221  
        Purpose Integration 221  
     Approach Integration 222  
     The Method 228  
        Transferring Vehicles 228  
        Inserting Elements of Approaches as Parts of Vehicles 230  
        Relocating Elements of the Intermediate Layer 231  
     Two Strategies 233  
        Strategy #1: De-idealisation 234  
        Strategy #2: Bold Conjectures 236  
     Summing Up 237  
     References 240  
  8: Phenomenology Imported with EASE 243  
     So, What is Psychiatry and Psychopathology? 246  
     What is Schizophrenia? 248  
     What is EASE, Then? 252  
     The NP2014 Approach 260  
        Parent Approaches? 261  
        How Distant are the Parent Approaches? 264  
        The Vehicle of the Integrated Approach 265  
     The Target 268  
     The Intermediate Layer 270  
        (1) The Importance of in-Depth Qualitative Analysis 270  
        (2) The Significance of Quantification 271  
     The Elements 271  
        Target Group Delimitations (Definitions/Algorithms) 272  
        Exclusion Criteria 273  
     Semi-structured Interviews, Expertise, and the Likert Scale 274  
        (1) Semi-structured Interview 274  
        (2) Specialists’ Categorisation 275  
        (3) The Likert Scale 276  
     Dichotomisation 277  
        Statistical Tools 279  
        The Vehicle 280  
     The Verdict 280  
        The Good News 285  
        What Causes the Problems? 286  
        To Do-List 287  
     Summing Up 289  
     References 293  
  9: Conclusion 297  
     A Brief Reflexive Moment 300  
     Future Opportunities 301  
  Index 303  


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